Philosophies of faith
The world has many religions and even more ways to believe in gods. By one comprehension gods created the cosmos and different races there living together. Rational races can only ask why all this worth? Where all this leads and what is the purpose of this all?
Because there is so many different intuals (intelligent beings), everyone have also own basic values and thoughts. These are the cultures. To same extend basic starting point of a culture is religion. Religions or in other words gods and high priests decide how their people should live. What matters are to be holy and necessary and what matters are to be sin and forbidden. It can be concluded of these circumstances that even gods are not perfect. Possibly they have some fears and therefore they have set orders and bans for people.
By atheistic way of thinking gods don't exist. Atheists think that the gods are only products of human imagination and deterrents created by priests. Fear and belief to something greater belongs to mentality of an intual. Atheists insist that priests are only powerful wizards, who have astonished common people with their tricks and claimed them to be miracles of gods. Atheist explains the born of cosmos and races just to be a pure coincidence.
This way of thinking is announced by a halfling philosopher Fennoli. He got plenty of attention and anger of temples upon him, because he was the most known philosopher among halflings. Fennoli lived in the New age of Dragons. He was sacrificed on the altar of Loi'Iatha, which was the major religion in that time.
Fennoli had ended up on the same conclusion as atheists that the intuals had born by coincidence. Intual's need to believe something greater bring forth gods. This bases on that Fennoli believed unlimited mental capacities of intuals. Most famous phrase of Fennoli was: "Will could even dry oceans." He studied and examined plenty of mass hysteria, which was very common at that time.
If one mind is unlimited, then collective faith of one nation can create entire god-being ruling that nation. "Only group of fools, one mad power-seeker inciter and a mass hysteria is needed." Like Fennoli wrote in his first book: "God's ways to thoughts." The fennism thinks that if gods are not believed they die and cease to exist. People's faith in a way is food of gods or in other words manna (also called as mana.) Fennoli believed that wizards themselves use this mana for their spells and therefore are in a way useless for gods. But their values base on conversion and guidance. Fennoli also insists that all intuals have more or less mana of which the gods live. Fennism is very popular way of thinking among psionics.
Galandol was a grand elf philosopher. He also lived in the latter part of the New age of dragons few decades after Fennoli. Galandol was very powerful wizard even for an elf and he was quite unpopular among his people. It was said that human blood streamed in him, because he was so fanatic regarding to magic and later to his philosophy. Mentally he fell off balance and slipped irrevocably towards madness. Galandol begun gathering more and more knowledge. Anything other than knowledge and power meant nothing for him. Because he begun turning dangerous, he was expelled from among the elves.
After knowledge he was drifted to south right up to old Garbondar (ancient small and rich nation and center of magic.) There he acquainted to some fennism-order, which awoke another fanatical obsession in him. He begun studying gods and religions. It is said that he traveled a lot in strange planes of existence and even in planes of gods. In his journeys he developed a thought that gods are only greater beings and same way mortal like all other intuals. Beings called gods just have longer life than others. "Just like human might think that elves live forever and elves think that dragons live eternally. The dragons might think that beings called as gods are eternal and they call their gods eternal."
"Humans sees his "creator" as a god-being. Human has a dog, which thinks the human is its god. To same extend flea at the dog sees the dog to be the most highest being. This way of thinking is a golden circle and at some point gods of the gods of the human gods worship parasites of parasites of parasites of fleas as their own gods."
The ring theory never completed a full circle, because on the basis of the Galandol's speakings, age of any creature is not enough to examine a full circle. According to Galandol the cosmos trusts for that basis that the truth never gets known. The truth is unnecessity and uselessness of all life and being that nourishes the cosmos. According to theory any creature gets nothing else but agony and hope for better times. Competing is the best way of the cosmos how a single creature can have enjoyment of this great lie and illusion called life.
Straight citing from notes of Galandol:
"In the planes of gods I managed to prepare a spell that loses an item, creature or matter to non-existence. Target of the spell disappears and nobody remembers its existence nor affection to the world. Just like the target never existed. I admit to be dependent for the "drug" of this traitorous life, because I would like to disappear into eternal rest an peace, but I would like to leave my notes and studies for future generations. If my spell works, it will disappear with me like all my studies and knowledge I have gathered. This instinct called "will to live" is so deceitfully strong that it can't be avoided. It is said that if someone has managed to get off that unbearableness of life, he couldn't have left any evidences about that: not into past, not into present, not into future nor even outside of time. Should there be any proves, they would prove him only to be wrong. Devilish life."
Galandol used his other glove as a test-item. He moved his assistant outside of time into static state called stasis, so that the assistant could prove his non-existence-theory. After casting the spell Galandol forget that he even had transported his assistant to stasis and just after a long time he accidentally found the assistant and returned him back. Then the assistant told everything to Galandol and they proved half of the non-existence-theory to themselves. The other glove of Galandol was like almost manufactured ready, but the work have been left unfinished. Galandol's non-existence-theory has only one question: Does it move target of the spell just outside of time or even off the existence. There can't be non-existence outside of time, because the assistant was get back.
Todeism is one of the oldest philosophies. It believes to unlimited power and all capability of Gods. Only borders gods have are set by themselves. Todeism is most common philosophy among religions. The highest embodiments of that way of thinking are existence and its opposite non-existence. Only goal of existence is to exist and non-existence tries to disappear. The gods are in the middle level of this hierarchy and inorganic material is at the lowest level of existence.
Everything that is comprehended by an intual exists. The non-existence is impossible to imagine, because then it is in imagination and therefore it exists. Goodness and evil are only weapons of existence against non-existence. They belong to existence and they should fight against each other. The existence is harmony of everything.
Todeism was created by ThoDemus in the beginning of times. He fought for his godhood and the time itself raised him to godhood. He become a guardian of all knowledge but his task was also to tell about gods who created world. A thought of that everything has a meaning belongs strongly to todeism. Also a belief that greater gods can raise mortals to eternity or even to godhood belongs to todeism. The godhood can be achieved by reading "The book of Purpose of everything."
The whale theory of independent mentalists
Where gods need mortals if the gods are so incredibly strong? What mortals are for gods? By some theory of mentalists, a god is a whale and mortals are little fishes the whales eat. In this theory real “mana” comes from intuals and gods are only parasites. By the whale-theory souls of the intuals are the real power, but intuals can’t use it. In other words intuals don’t trust enough themselves to dare to try. This theory would explain why some historical persons have risen to the godhood. In theory these mortals were able to loosen from conventional ways of thinking by the threat of getting society’s hatred upon them. “Intuals can’t stand greatness among them.” This old saying appears well in the arts for example: The artists works are appreciated only after its death.
Between deities and mortals this is seen clearly for example in case of Protair. When he was a mortal, his life values were thrown dirt on. He lived in the Age of laws. Then the ruling ways of thinking represented hypocrisy, gray human masses, deceitful struggles for power, selfishness, abusing weaker ones and prevarication by the laws. Protair got enough and he took his principles to be his guides through life. He got into many trials and numerous fights due his principles. His honesty, decency and generosity were a big laughing stock where ever he wandered. Protair alone opposed the spirit of the time and naturally contemporaries of him didn’t accept that. Possibly there were also those who appreciated Protair’s principles. But after seeing that scorn and agony Protair got upon him, they rather stayed among mockers. By the spirit of the time intuals were the kind that one was either with them or against them. There weren’t any intermediate stages. To be honest that kind of dichotomy has always influenced. Every Age has had it more or less. Not until Protair’s disappearance people slowly begin admitting themselves that the time needed Protair’s principles. This being a longing for dignity born into their hearts. At the end of the Age of laws these mockers began forming small groups, who began proclaiming Protair’s ideology. Why this happened not until Protair had disappeared? Was it jealousy towards Protair’s mental greatness? Was Protair’s mental strength some kind of challenge for the crowds? Why difference always has to be suppressed? Does succeeding of one intual always take something away from the others? Is it the beginning of jealousy?
Difference is the key-factor in the whale theory. Another important part is to confess own difference and recognize it in itself. In any case Meln doesn’t have two identical beings. One important part is also courage to try own possibilities and courage to dare to fail. By the whale theory these matters break the intual’s mind off the circularly continuous way of thinking. By the whale theory jealousy is one of the biggest limiting matters in intuals’ mental smallness. The jealousy is said to be eating soul and mental resources. Independent mentalists say that intual’s life passes in envy. Their philosophy bases on winning the own inner jealousy.
The whale theory speaks of that intual must be freed of thinking like crowds. When a whale sees a shoal of small fishes, it immediately aims into that direction. The whale’s aim is to swallow as many little fishes as possible. When one small fish dares to leave the shoal the whale doesn’t necessarily even notice it. Path of that little fish is full of other dangers, but if it succeeds in avoiding dangers long enough, it has a possibility to grow to be a whale. At this stage it itself begins hunting shoals of fish and after all isn’t any better than other whales or little fishes. Little fishes depend on each other and whales depend on little fishes. For this reason independent mentalists strive to grow their “mental self” as much as possible in limits of personal resources.
Common hierarchy of religions
Congregation is a community where group of same way thinking intuals gather. The congregation can roughly be divided to three different parishioner groups: laymen, enlightened and priests.
The laymen form the largest part of the congregation (about 90%.) They are peasantry and illiterate people. Many spiritual services are arranged for them: blessings, protection, consolation and information that is "chewed ready." In return the peasantry pays parish taxes, which is about quarter of the earning of parishioner. The church also works as a guardian of a moral rights. Internal judicial system of society (nobles) accept all their statutes at the church.
The enlightened are people who work in churches, monasteries and temples. About 7% of congregation are enlightened people. They are those who arrange services. The enlightened take care of taxation, "census" (indefinite concept) and they teach children of nobles and new priests. Enlightened don't do any miracles. They don't have to pay parish taxes.
Priests are the highest persons in congregation. Person can't study to be a priest unless he has a gift of god. The priests are those who are able to commit miracles. Only about 3% of the congregation are priests, so they are very valuable for their congregations and gods. The priests are proves about the existence of gods. The priests lead churches and can establish sub-congregations. Many priests only journey around the world converting people, completing tasks of the church and working as a hand of their god. Vagrant priests are usually called as templar knights or holy wanderers.